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 #08 - CHINA WAR - 1937

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Sidnei E. Maneta
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Location : Osasco, São Paulo, Brasil

PostSubject: #08 - CHINA WAR - 1937   Tue Nov 13, 2012 11:23 am



Kaga’s raid on August, 15th. 1937. IJN carrier Kaga leaves Japan on August, 11th, 1937. On August, 14th, the weather
was execrable, a typhoon preventing any air operation. On August, 15th, takeoff takes place at 5:30. Kaga's planes
were: thirteen B3Y1 level bombers to attack Nanking's airbases, sixteen D1A1s dive bombers to attack Su-Chow's
airbases and twelve B2M2 level bombers to attack Hangchow's airbases. For the B3Y1, the bad weather does not enable them
to reach Nanking and the planes made half-turn and returned to Kaga. Dive bombers direct itself towards the
second objective because bad weather constrained them to reach Su-Chow. The carrier bombers B2M2 were able to
reach Hangchow but Chinese Air Force’s fighters were ready to intercept: six B2M2 were shot down and two ditched!
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-203 flown by buntaicho from carrier IJN Kaga in early phase of Second China incident, Aug-Sept, 1937. Kaga’s tail code
R- was used until first half of September, 1937. The main group of Type 94 kanbaku attacked Chao-er Airfield where
Curtiss Shrikes from the Chinese 9th Group was being armed for a raid. The Shrikes took off in a hurry and managed
to down two of the Type 94 (R-216 was flown by PO3c Tanaka and ditched in Hangchow Bay, R-218 was flown by
F1c Koyanagi and crashed near Chao-er Airfield; both were wingmen in the 26th Shotai).
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-203 and R-207 photo #1
PHOTO CREDIT: Koku-Fan magazine, September 1979, via Ken Glass.


R-206 was flown by F1c Imamura (wingman in the 21st Shotai). This plane was shot up by a Chinese Curtiss Shrike flown
by Lt. Chang, Kwang-yun near Chiao-shih. The 21st Shotai became separated from the main formation and joined up with the B2M2. Lt. Chang headed towards Chiao-shih and ran into the 21st Shotai. Even though he was alone, Chang attacked
the three Type 94. He shot up R-206, fatally wounding the gunner F1c Nakakoshi. He was hit 4 times, in the chest, abdomen and arm. The engine of R-206 was damaged and stopped, Imamura was resigned to crashing to his death but miraculously, the engine restarted by itself 200m from the ground. Imamura managed to land his damaged plane back on the Kaga. Nakakoshi died of his wounds on the 18th.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


Carrier Kaga photo #1
PHOTO CREDIT: Koku-Fan magazine, September 1979, via Ken Glass.


R-207 flown by shotaicho from Kaga in early phase of Second China incident, Aug-Sept, 1937. Kaga’s tail code R- was
used until first half of September, 1937. The kanbaku (divebombers) operated by Kaga in August-September 1937
were all Type 94.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


Carrier Kaga photo #2
PHOTO CREDIT: Koku-Fan magazine, September 1979, via Ken Glass.


R-365 was flown by a wingman of the second Chutai of carrier Kaga. This plane ditched in the mouth of Chien-tang river.
This was the only second Chutai plane to be lost in the action.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-370 was flown by a buntaicho of carrier Kaga. The crew were PO1c Yamada (pilot), Lt. Yasu Senzo (observer and leader
of the second shotai) and PO2c Kawaguchi (radioman/gunner). This plane was shot down during the attack. Out of the
8 B2M2 lost on Aug. 15, 1937, seven were from the first Chutai. The three flight leaders were Lt Cdr Iwai (1st Shotai),
Lt Senzo (2nd Shotai of 2 aircraft) and Lt jg Tanaka (3rd Shotai). Only Tanaka survived, the rest (2 shotai leaders and
5 wingmen) were lost.
INFO CREDIT: Raymond Cheung.


R-371 was flown by a wingman of the of carrier Kaga. The pilot was WO Noburo Segawa. This plane was shot down.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-372 was flown by a hikotaicho of carrier Kaga. The crew were Lt Cmdr Tsuneo Iwai (pilot), PO3c Takahashi (observer)
and F1c Ayabe (radioman/gunner). This plane was flown in early phase of Second China incident, Aug-Sept, 1937.
Kaga’s tail code R- was used until first half of September, 1937. Then tail code changed to letter K- and R- was assigned
to carrier IJN Ryujo. In the early morning on 15 August 1937 Chinese’s fighters intercepted a dawn attack on Hangcho (Hankow)
by twelve Type 89 level bombers led by the Kaga's Hikotaicho Commander Tsuneo Iwai, who was killed in this action.
In the confused action in and out of clouds, Chinese pilots made 17 claims, more than the total number of Japanese
planes in the action. The actual losses were six shot down and two ditched in Hangcho (Hankow) Bay.
INFO CREDIT: Raymond Cheung.


R-373 was flown by a buntaicho of carrier Kaga. The crew were Lt JG Tanaka (pilot), PO1c Mitsui (observer) and .... (radioman/gunner). This plane was part of the first chutai, second shotai. It was the only first chutai’s plane to survive
the raid. Lieutenant (JG) Tanaka managed to bring his bullet-riddled and crippled bomber safely back to the Kaga carrier.
Tanaka's report astonished the officers of the fleet, and immediate warnings were issued to all bomber groups to take special precautions against the defending Chinese fighters.
INFO CREDIT: Raymond Cheung.


R-373 photo #1
PHOTO CREDIT: Koku-Fan magazine, via Ken Glass.


R-374 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga. The crew were PO2c Takahashi (pilot), PO2c Asechi (observer)
and ...... (radioman/gunner). This is #2 in the second Shotai, first Chutai and was lost. This B2M2 ditched in Hangchow
Bay near the mouth of the Chao-Er River. Two of the crew were seen to bail out over this River and probably did not survive.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-375 was flown by a wingman of the of carrier Kaga. This plane was shot down.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-376 was flown by a wingman of the of carrier Kaga. The crew were WO Rokuzo Moriyama (pilot), PO1c Nakajima (observer)
and PO2c Kitayama (radioman/gunner). This plane was shot down.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-377 was flown by a wingman of the of carrier Kaga. This plane was shot down.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung.


R-105 was flown by PO2c Ogawa (wingman) of carrier Kaga. This plane was ditched next to the Tai-shan Lighthouse
when the pilot could not land on Kaga in thick fog. The pilot drowned before he could be rescued.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung


R-106 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga. This plane was damaged during a raid on Suchow August 17, 1937
but managed to return to the Kaga and was repaired.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung


R-112 was flown by PO3c Kumumoto (wingman) of carrier Kaga. This plane was damaged during a raid on Suchow
August 16, 1937 and force landed on the shore of Chung Ming Island.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. Raymond Cheung


R-126 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.
This is a Mitsubishi Type 96 Model 2 late type.
COLOR PROFILE CREDIT: Fujimi's A5M2 model kit.


Kaga's A5M2a photo #1
PHOTO CREDIT: FAOW - Famous Airplanes of the World - number 27, A5M "Claude" - by BunRin Do Co. Ltda.


R-355 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.


R-355 photo #1


K-382 was flown by a wingman. This type 92 carrier attack-bomber (B3Y1) fly over the city of Shanghai.


K-382 was flown by a wingman. This type 92 carrier attack-bomber (B3Y1) fly over the city of Shanghai.
PHOTO AND INFO CREDIT: KokuFan, june 1971, page 62, via Ken Glass.


K-314 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.


K-314 photo #1
K-314 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.


K-314 photo #2
This second photo shows a yellow K-314 tail code, but the next shows a "white" K-314 tail code. This is similar problem
with carriers vessels red codes on one side and black on the other... In this photo of K-314 the tail code color was
yellow on both sides...shady vs sunny side. INFO CREDIT: Mr. David Aiken.
PHOTO CREDIT: Summer-San's site http://blog.goo.ne.jp/summer-ochibo/


K-314 photo #3. Look K-314 tail code... yellow!
PHOTO CREDIT: Summer-San's site http://blog.goo.ne.jp/summer-ochibo/


Kaga photo #3
A Japanese Navy Type 96 Carrier Attack Plane takes off from carrier Kaga during China War time, 1937-1938.
Ship's crewmen are cheering "Banzai".
PHOTO CREDIT: KokuFan, September 1979 via Ken Glass.


K-383 was flown by a buntaicho of carrier Kaga.


Carrier Kaga photo #4
B4Y1 type 96 carrier attack bomber conducts landing exercises against the Kaga in the South China Sea. Carrier Kaga
saw action for the first time in the Sino Japanese conflict in 1932.
PHOTO AND INFO CREDIT: KokuFan, September 1979 via Ken Glass.


K-395 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.


K-395 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.
PHOTO CREDIT: FAOW 32 - page 17.


K-125 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.
Later, K-125, a Mitsubishi Type 96 Model 2 early type, was flown by Lt. Hideki Shingo on early 1938. This plane assigned
to the carrier Kaga engaged in operations off Chinese coast.
Note the use of Roman letter “K” to signify IJN carrier Kaga, this having replaced the early code “R”.
COLOR PROFILE CREDIT: book KOKU-FAN # 42 - Japanese Imperial Army & Navy Aircraft Color, Marking, illustrations
by Shigeru Nohara.


Kaga's A5M2a photo #2
PHOTO CREDIT: FAOW - Famous Airplanes of the World - number 27, A5M "Claude" - by BunRin Do Co. Ltda.


K-206 was flown by a wingman of carrier IJN Kaga, second half of September, 1937. This late model of D1A1 has a
different fuselage structure and is very similar to D1A2.


K-206 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.
PHOTO CREDIT: Summer-San's site http://blog.goo.ne.jp/summer-ochibo/


K-211 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.


K-211 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.
PHOTO CREDIT: Summer-San's site http://blog.goo.ne.jp/summer-ochibo/


K-215 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga. During second half of September, 1937, Kaga´s tail code letter
changed from R-xxx to K-xxx. This plane is the early model of D1A1. The camouflage known as kumogata scheme
is present. The vertical white band means China’s combat front.


K-215 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga.
PHOTO CREDIT: Summer-San's site http://blog.goo.ne.jp/summer-ochibo/


K-267 was flown by a wingman of carrier Kaga, November, 1937.


K-267 photo #1.
PHOTO CREDIT: Summer-San's site http://blog.goo.ne.jp/summer-ochibo/

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