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 #34 - PEARL HARBOR raid - Kaga's dive bombers

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Sidnei E. Maneta
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PostSubject: #34 - PEARL HARBOR raid - Kaga's dive bombers   Tue Nov 13, 2012 10:59 am



Kaga’s D3A1 photo #1


AII-201 was flown by a buntaicho. The crew were Lt Shoichi Ibuki (pilot) and PO1c Yusuke Uchikawa (radioman/gunner).
Note the two red buntaicho horizontal stripes.


AII-211 was flown by a buntaicho. Lt Shoichi Ogawa was made Buntaicho when he joined the Kaga on 22 May 1941.
His target on 7 Dec 1941 was USS Nevada. He was killed in the Battle of Midway.
TAIL CODE INFO CREDIT: via David Aiken


Kaga's D3A1 photo #2
A second wave's Kaga D3A AII-2xx takes off...blurred...sigh.. on 7 December 1941.
Note that this blurred aircraft has a stripe the length of the fuselage...darker than the red fuselage stripes...
which may be a simple form of a 'formation' marking spoke about by Japanese veterans.
INFO CREDIT: Mr. David Aiken.


AII-236 was flown by a wingman. The crew were F1c Iwao Oka (pilot) and PO3c Tsuneo Minamizaki.
This plane was shot down during the attack by 2Lt Ken Taylor.


Kaga's D3A1 photo #3
On December 7, 1941, hikotaicho Lt. Cmdr. Saburo Makino (first squadron), Lt. Shoichi Ogawa (second squadron)
and Lt. Shoichi Ibuki (third squadron) were leaders of Kaga's dive bomber force with 27 Aichi D3A1, divided in 9 shotai
(3 planes unit): 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th and 29th. One D3A1 of the Kaga didn't participate due to
technical problems and returned immediately after launch. These 26 Val attacked USS Nevada, USS West Virginia and
USS Maryland. Six Kaga's D3A1 were shot down during the attack.
INFO CREDIT: David Aiken + http://www.navweaps.com/index_oob/OOB_WWII_Pacific/OOB_WWII_Pearl_Harbor.htm
+ book Pearl Harbor, 1941, by Carl Smith, Osprey publishing .


AII-245 was flown by a shotaicho. PO1c Rikichi Hiwatashi (pilot). Note the red shotaicho horizontal stripe


Kaga's D3A1 photo #4


AII-246 was flown by a wingman. F1c Gen Ono (pilot).


Kaga's D3A1 photo #5
These Vals are attacking USS Nevada


AII-248 was flown by a shotaicho. PO1c Tamotsu Akimoto (pilot). Note the red shotaicho horizontal stripe


AII-250 photo # 1
This photo shows Lt. Saburo Makino's D3A1 taking off from carrier Kaga for Pearl Harbor attack. This was his last mission.
Kaga had the highest losses of any of the six carriers in the Pearl Harbor attack, losing six D3A1 “Val”, five B5N2 “Kate”
and four A6M2 “Zero”. For a total of 15 planes and 31 crew member deaths, more than the other 5 carriers losses
combined at 14 aircraft and 23 crew member deaths.


AII-250 was flown by a hikotaicho. The crew were Lt. Saburo Makino (pilot) and CPO Sueo Sukida (radioman/gunner).
Note the three red hikotaicho horizontal stripes. This plane was shot down by George Welch and crashed at 711 Neal Avenue, Wahiawa.


Remember Pearl Harbor - AVIATION ART CREDIT: artist Robert Taylor.


Squadron Signal book cover
P-40 WARHAWK IN ACTION: Squadron/Signal Aircraft In Action 1205 new book.
Author: Richard S. Dann and cover’s art work: Don Greer.


AII-250 photo # 2
PHOTO CREDIT: NARA


AII-250 photo # 3
Two crashes of dive bomber Type 99 (and later given the code name "VAL") were near "Wheeler" airbase.
Both crashed just outside the base in or near the community of Wahiawa, Oahu. Mr. David Aiken's research reveals that
both aircraft were from the Japanese carrier KAGA. Both VALs had targeted the USS NEVADA during her sortie within the harbor. One of the two VALs came under attack by P-40 pilot, 2Lt George Welch. That plane crashed at 711 Neal Street.
This was near the Civilian Conservation Corps encampment [at what is now the Wahiawa Freshwater State Park].
Many CCC men were quick to the scene. Some veterans suggest this site was 'Just outside the front gate'. However,
the site was not that close.
PHOTO CREDIT: NARA and INFO CREDIT: Mr. David Aiken.


AII-250 photo # 4
The attached scan is of the D3A1 which crashed at 711 Neal Ave; Wahiawa, Oahu (near Wheeler Field). This D3A1 was
from carrier Kaga and shot down by Lt. George Welch, P-40 pilot. Is possible to see civilian looking the wreckage of the plane.
PHOTO CREDIT: NARA and INFO CREDIT: Mr. David Aiken.


AII-250 photo # 5
“Ruins of a “JAP” naval bomber, shot down in the Dec. 7 raid, litter a Honolulu lawn. U.S. fighters and gunners bagged 41
of these bombers during the attack“. This published photo, with the above incorrect caption, was presented first in
LIFE Magazine December 29, 1941.
PHOTO CREDIT: NARA and INFO CREDIT: Mr. David Aiken and http://www.us-aircraft.com


AII-250 photo # 6
Japanese plane shot down by 2Lt. George Welch, crashed at 711 Neal Ave; Wahiawa, located next to Wheeler Field.
Photo by CWO Joe K. Harding, USAF, retired. He was a master sergeant at the time he took this picture. NARA Photo.
Info credit: 7 DEC 1941: THE AIR FORCE STORY by Leatrice Arakaki and John Kuborn [Hickam AFB, HI: Pacific Air
Forces Office of History; 1991, reprinted: Washington DC: GPO; 1992, 2000].


AII-251 was flown by a wingman. The crew were PO3c Noboru Sakaguchi (pilot) and PO3c Nagaaki Asahi (radioman/gunner).
This plane was shot down by AA and crashed in Middle Loch.


AII-251 photo #1
Kaga's tailless D3A1 Val. "YSD-19 "Mary Ann" brings "tailless" Type 99 from crash location in Middle Loch
to Ford Island for investigation."
PHOTO CREDIT: Book Pearl Harbor - page 53 - by H. P. Willmott - 1981 - Bison books Limited.


AII-251 photo #2
"To investigate a report that the wreckage of a Japanese plane was floating in the harbor the minelayer Montgomery
sent its motor whaleboat. The aircraft was there and near one shattered wing the pilot was seen to be treading water.
As the Montgomery's boat drew alongside the wreckage the Japanese was ordered to give himself up. (...) the boat was maneuvered closer. Just as the swimmer was about to be hauled aboard he was seen to drag a pistol from his jacket.
However, before he had a chance to use it the coxswain of the boat shot him."
INFO CREDIT: Book Pearl Harbor - by A. J. Barker - page 136 - Purnell's History of the Second World War - 1969.
PHOTO CREDIT: Book Pearl Harbor - page 54 - by H. P. Willmott - 1981 - Bison books Limited


AII-251 photo #3
One Aichi D3A1 "VAL" damaged from its encounter with USS Nevada, flew north trying to get its engine to work...
had its tail blown off and it was low enough that its crew survived the crash. One drowned himself rather than be captured, the other "went for his gun" and was killed while floating in the water. This shot down plane... had no vertical tail... but it had "AII" markings on equipment inside thus the plane came from Kaga. A Nisei in Hawaii was involved in the attempted capture of a crewman from the crash, who committed suicide by drowning. The Nisei recovered the kapok life vest with "Asahi"...thus the crew was: Pilot: PO3c Noboru Sakaguchi and Radioman/gunner: PO3c Nagaaki Asahi.
PHOTO AND INFO CREDIT: Mr. David Aiken.



AII-251 photo #4 and #5
Photo #: 80-G-32441 - Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941 - Japanese Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber "Val" is
examined by U.S. Navy personnel following its recovery from Pearl Harbor shortly after the attack. This plane was
relatively intact, except that its tail section was broken away. It came from the aircraft carrier Kaga. - Official
U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.
PHOTO CREDIT: Naval Historical Center Home Page - http://www.history.navy.mil


AII-251 photo #6
"Tailless" Type 99 dive bomber on Ford Island en-route to investigation hangar. This "Val" that crashed in middle loch,
near Pan American Airways Landing at Pearl City, was investigated and recovered. Then it was sent to the Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia, Penn, then to the Curtiss Aircraft Factory, Buffalo, NY. Later chunks were sent for various exhibits
at business locales in major cities.
PHOTO AND INFO CREDIT: Mr. David Aiken.


AII-252 was flown by a wingman. Crew unknown.


Kaga's D3A1 photo #6
"Photo #: 80-G-32460 - Japanese Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber ("Val") drops a 250 kilogram bomb during the attack
- Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collection of the National Archives."


AII-254 was flown by a shotaicho. The crew were PO1c Takezo Uchikado (pilot) and CPO Katsuyoshi Tsuru (radioman/gunner). Their target at Pearl Harbor was USS Maryland.


Kaga's D3A1 photo #7


AII-256 was flown by a wingman.
The crew were F1c Shinsaku Yamakawa (pilot) and F1c Katuzo Nakata(radioman/gunner).


AII-256 photo #1 and #2
Pilot Flyer 1c Shinsaku Yamakawa with his D3A1 used at Pearl Harbor. Note the style of 'fuel/oil' status stencil is unique
to the D3A compared to the Zero and KATE. His target was USS Nevada during its sortie. Sources: YAMAKAWA Shinsaku,
Kubo Kanbaku Tai [Tokyo: Kon-nichi-no-wadai-sha; 1980] pp58, and YAMAKAWA Shinsaku, Kyûkôka bakugekitai
(Dive bomber unit), [Tokyo: Masu Shobô 1956]. You can read one article about Yamakawa's later mission at: http://www.geocities.com/dutcheastindies/pecos.html

Note the red tail code, red fuselage stripes, black Hokoku [presentation] marking. The Hokoku #522 has the presenter's name in parenthesis, as do all the Navy's Hokoku, and are painted on both sides of the fuselage. This photo of the plane shows only the final portion of the presentation. The question was about the first portion within the parenthesis. From a postcard we were able to understand that all of the D3As were presented from the same presenter..."All Japan" (meaning...the monies collected by school girls all over Japan at street corners)...and Shinsaku Yamakawa's D3A was the 55th such aircraft presented by such gatherings! Uniquely, another postcard revealed another D3A also presented that day. From that it was discern more about D3As with presentation numbers 521-528 made that day. This info was added to the collection of a Japanese Navy vet whose listing has been posted at: http://www.ne.jp/asahi/aikokuki/aikokuki-top/Houkokugou_List1.html


Hokoku #522
Hokoku presentations are gifts from businesses, individuals, or by gatherings of monies on the street corner to purchase some military item for the Japanese Navy. There was a series of numbers for IJN tanks & armored cars; a series for gunboats, etc; a series for AA guns and other weapons; a series for aircraft. The Japanese Army had a similar program called Aikoku. The Manchurian Air Force had a presentation program called Gokoku. Eight D3A1 Type 99 dive bombers received Hokoku numbers 521 to 528 on 20 September 1941 at Haneda Field, Tokyo. All eight Hokoku were gifts from "all Japan", meaning monies gathered from street corner cups; temples; or other places where such could be gathered. Hokoku #521 was the "#54th All Japan number" given. At least [if not all eight] AII-256 Hokoku #522 (#55 All Japan number) and EII-206 Hokoku 525 (#58 All Japan number) were at Pearl Harbor. AII-256 has the (#55 All Japan number) in Kanji numbers and letters. INFO CREDIT: David Aiken, M. Asano, H. Yoshimura.


AII-256 boxart
AICHI D3A1 TYPE 99 CARRIER DIVE-BOMBER (VAL) MODEL 11 "PEARL HARBOR - Item # 09686 - Scale: 1/48 - Category: WWII Japanese Carrier Dive-Bomber. Estimated numbers of parts: 119. Markings: 1) I.J.N. Pearl Harbor 2nd attack wave carrier Kaga - F1c Shinsaku Yamakawa Code: AII-256 Dec., 1941 and 2) I.J.N. Pearl Harbor 1st attack wave carrier Shokaku Lt. Commander Kakuichi Takahashi Code: EI-238, December, 7th, 1941. INFO AND BOX-ART CREDIT: Hasegawa model kit company.

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#34 - PEARL HARBOR raid - Kaga's dive bombers
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